Acetazolamide, also known under the brand name Diamox, reduces the activity of certain proteins in the body called carbonic anhydrase. The purpose of blocking that protein is to reduce build-up of specific fluids. It is often prescribed for reducing eye pressure in some glaucoma patients through the reduction of the levels of fluid in the eye.
This medication may also be prescribed as a diuretic, or water pill, in congestive heart failure patients. It assists these patients by lowering the levels of fluid built up in the body, AKA edema.
Acetazolamide can also be prescribed to treat some kinds of seizures, to treat and prevent altitude sickness, or other purposes not listed here.
This medication should be taken with a full glass of water. Make sure that you follow your doctor’s dosage instructions very carefully. This mediation may be prescribed as part of a treatment program including other medications, and you may be required to have blood tests regularly during your treatment.
Store Acetazolamide away from moisture and heat at room temperature, and keep the lid of the bottle very tightly closed when not in use.
You should take this medication, and any others, in the exact manner that your doctor has prescribed it to you. To make sure this medication is safe for you to take, tell your doctor about any medications, vitamins, or supplements that you currently take, and give them your complete medical history. It is not known if this medication is safe to use while pregnant. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant, become pregnant, or plan on becoming pregnant while taking this medication. This medication has the ability to pass into breast milk and harm a nursing child. You should not take acetazolamide while breast feeding. This medication is not approved to be used in anyone under 18 years of age.
If you suspect that you are experiencing an overdose or allergic reaction, you should call your doctor or seek emergency medical attention. Acetazolamide can impair your reactions and thinking, so you should be cautious while driving or operating machinery. You may sunburn more easily while on this medication. Use sun block and protective clothing when in direct sunlight.
Call your doctor immediately if you experience serious reactions such as bloody urine, seizures, blood disorders, liver issues, metabolic adicosis, loss of movement in any body part, kidney stones, or skin reactions. Common side effects may include some of the following: higher levels of urination, abnormal sense of taste, ringing in the ears, hearing issues, confusion, drowsiness, tingling or numbness, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, or appetite loss.
Side effects may include more urination, drowsiness, changes in taste, nausea, diarrhea, and more.
It is unknown if it is safe to take this medication while pregnant. Speak to your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning on becoming pregnant.